Evolution of mobile phones from B&W Nokia to today’s smartphones.

You definitely have one mobile phone with you in the room. These mobile phones have evolved from a luxury to a basic necessity today. 

Mobile phones have seen quite a drastic evolution throughout the years. With passing years, mobile phones have adopted newer technology, style, and services. Some have stayed for good whereas some have disappeared along the lines of history. 

Let’s pause and look back at the evolution of one of today’s highly used devices, Mobile Phones.


The history of mobile phones would date back to telephones. Telephones, the first telecommunications device in history. In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell was the first granted a US patent for the production of these machines. 

After many years, came portable telephones, better known today as mobile phones. In 1983, the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X became the first commercially available handheld cellular mobile phone to the public. This marked the beginning of an era. 

Slowly these inventions started popping up around the world. 

Japan launched mobile phones with an automated cellular network (1G) analog in Japan in 1979 AD followed by several other countries within the late 90s. 

A notable milestone throughout these years was The Nordic Mobile Telephone Group, established in 1969. It included engineers from Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and Norway. They aimed to make mobile phone systems more accessible, and soon their model was used for a Europe-wide digital cellular phone system. 

In 1992, came the world’s first mass-produced phone that used the new GSM standard by Nokia 1011.

It wasn’t until the 1990s that cell phones became more practical in size. The mobile subscriptions in 2000 worldwide, are claimed to have been 740 million by Statista. Slowly trendier mobile phones started to launch with the rapid increase of usage.

New models seemed to have something trendier than the last. Many models were released, which made them iconic throughout the years.

The famous BlackBerry was launched in 1999, known for its easy emailing service.

Then entered Nokia 3310 crash, in 2000. It sold up to 126 million units and was famous for its very strong model.

In terms of competition, the top brands were Motorola and Nokia, as they were one of the first commercial mobile brands. They had tough competition and they were both massive Moghuls in the market of mobile phones. 

Nokia surpassed Motorola and Ericsson as they better cater to the youth market and fashion-orientated consumers. Especially with their Nokia 5110 handsets with a customizable cover.

And discussing competition or the history of mobile phones will go incomplete without the revolution of Nokia. 

Nokia was at its pinnacle in 2007, with 51% of the global market share in mobile phones. Each model was widely loved and eagerly bought by the public. Nokia had an advantage over its physical hardware. It was the first phone to have a built-in camera as well as have a full-color display. Now these models and even brands are an iconic memory of the past. 

The Present

With newer technology came new brands sweeping off the public from its feet which was at the moment quite planted on Nokia and Motorola. 

Mobile Phones now can do so much more than they could ever have. Not only have they replaced previous models and brands they have replaced other general items from our lives too. A few examples being, wrist-watch, alarm clock, calendar, television, radio, and many more. 

A whirlwind arrived in the mobile phone market because of a single presentation, the presentation where Steve Jobs brought to the world, the iPhone. After the glorious rise of Nokia, it soon faced its epic fall. 

In the present scenario, Apple iPhones are the leading brands and widely-used models. In competition with Apple for many years stands Samsung. Other brands are on a similar level like One Plus, Xiaomi, Huawei, and more. 

Some features of the current mobile phones, once not available are:

  • GPS, a lifesaver for people who are terrible at giving or understanding directions.
  • Cellular Data, with 3G, 4G, and now 5G.
  • The touch screen is one of the milestones reached by my mobile phones. They have changed the entire layout of mobile phones and have made things a lot easier.
  • Some mobile phones provide a dual SIM Card.
  • The recent new trending features of mobile phones were Camera. There was always something new about cameras with every mobile phone.
  • Many models have been released which support wireless charging and can be charged by simply being kept on a charger pad. The devices charge through their backs.
  • Another impressive new feature in mobile phones is Augmented Reality. Since the iPhone X, there have been mobiles supporting this. Apple introduced emoji where the faces of users could be turned into emojis. 
  • Screen Size is also something that has been increasing throughout models. A bigger screen equals more comfort and ease.

The future

With the new developments bringing more options and technology to the people, anything could be possible. 

There are some predictions regarding the possibility of some features which sound pretty crazy right now but might soon be a reality.

Foldable phones are a possibility of being widely used. They were released in 2019 by Samsung Galaxy Fold. However, they are not yet widely used due to the cost and proper software not being developed. Maybe shortly, it will be more accessible.

5G technology is on testing now and set to make its commercial release soon. However, there are very few mobile phones which support this now. The full utilization of this new 5G technology is yet to be exposed and in the future, there must be 6G and more.

There are some updates to be expected regarding front-facing cameras. Oppo has already given us a new taste regarding them. Oppo had released a model where the front falling camera pops out on-demand to save space for the screen and added privacy protection.

Ports might soon be extinct too! 

With many phones already removing the headphone jack maybe soon it will completely depend upon wireless charging hence making the phones slimmer.

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