For tech-savvy people who have a great knack for hacking, programming, and all sorts of technological adventures this is the best job ever. Getting paid for hacking, a great adrenaline-booming activity layered with risk and tension is what ethical hacking is all about! Here’s more about this job and how it works.
Ethical Hacking, what is it?
Ethical hacking involves an authorized attempt to gain unauthorized access. Access to a computer system, application, or data.
Authorized access to gain unauthorized access might sound weird to you? However, this is true.
Carrying out an ethical hack involves duplicating strategies and actions of malicious attackers. This practice helps to identify security vulnerabilities that can then be resolved before a malicious attacker has the opportunity to exploit them.
Also known as “white hats,” ethical hackers are security experts that perform these assessments. The proactive work they do helps to improve an organization’s security posture. With prior approval from the organization or owner of the IT asset, the mission of ethical hacking is the opposite of malicious hacking.
It’s among the most exciting IT jobs any person can be involved in.
Companies engage ethical hackers to identify vulnerabilities in their systems. From the penetration tester’s point of view, there is no downside: If you hack in past the current defenses, you’ve given the client a chance to close the hole before an attacker discovers it. If you don’t find anything, your client is even happier because they now get to declare their systems “secure enough that even paid hackers couldn’t break into it.
What skills do you need?
Are you thinking of exploring this career stream?
Well here are some key talents and skills you would need to get if so.
An ethical hacker should have a wide range of computer skills. They often specialize, becoming subject matter experts (SME) in a particular area within the ethical hacking domain.
All ethical hackers should have:
- Expertise in scripting languages.
- Proficiency in operating systems.
- Thorough knowledge of networking.
- A solid foundation in the principles of information security.
Some of the most well-known and acquired certifications include:
- EC Council: Certified Ethical Hacking Certification
- Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP) Certification
- CompTIA Security+
- Cisco’s CCNA Security
- SANS GIAC
What are some limitations of ethical hacking?
Ethical hackers cannot progress beyond a defined scope to make an attack successful. However, it’s not unreasonable to discuss out of scope attack potential with the organization.
Malicious hackers don’t have time constraints that ethical hackers often face. Computing power and budget are additional constraints of ethical hackers.
Some organizations ask experts to avoid test cases that lead the servers to crash (e.g., Denial of Service (DoS) attacks).
This is a great and exciting job in highly technical countries, however, in the Nepalese market, there isn’t much need nor demand for this. People have yet reached such an advanced digital point where they would hire hackers. There might be some scope available in the government department.
Hacking means entering risky digital servers. Although if it’s high-end ethical hacking for example for governments there will be safety provided yet there is a risk. Yet another risk comes with normal companies too. There might be a thin line between ethical and malicious hacking which you should be aware of.
Some Nepali Ethical Hackers Who Got Recognition Outside
Recently an 18 year Nepali ethical hacker Baibhav Anand Jha received Nrs. 10 Lakhs from Facebook. He received the sum for finding bugs about private group members on Facebook.
Also, he has secured his name in Facebook’s Hall of fame list 2021 internationally. This is quite an achievement.
Not only him, but in 2020 also Ujjwal Gautam was rewarded with the US $750 by Facebook for discovering security flaws.
Well, Ujjwal and Baibhav are just a few names but there are other more famous ethical hackers from Nepal.
Earning money through ethical hacking is one of the top exciting and thrilling jobs one could have. Layered with risk, newness, and a hefty salary it can be a dream job for many technology-loving individuals. It is a great career field in foreign countries but does not have much potential in Nepal.